Iris Terminology

Iris bloom in hundreds of colors and hues, which makes it no surprise taht the Iris takes its name from the Greek word for rainbow.

AMOENA
White standards with falls a different and contrasting colour.
BEARD
BICOLOUR
Standards light coloured; falls a different or darker colour.
BLEND
Combination of two or more colours, smoothly or unevenly applied.
FALLS
Lower three petals of the flower; designated F.
FLOUNCES
The end of the beard has a petal-like appendage much like a standard.
FORM
Flowers of good balance and proportions.
GLACIATA
Flower has no purple or red pigment and is a very clean white, pink or yellow.
HAFT
Area of the fall extending from the heart out about 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches.
HORNS
The end of the beard is elongated and uplifted to a point.
LUMINATA
Recessive to plicata, ground colour, stylearms and beards are all the same colour; area at the haft & surrounding the beard must be free of all plicata marks.
NEGLECTA
Light blue standards, darker coloured falls.
PLICATA
Stippled, dotted or stitched margin colour on lighter ground colour.
REVERSE
Any of the above with the standards darker than the falls.
RIM, EDGE
A thin edge of colour around the falls and perhaps also the standards.
SELF
An Iris of one solid colour.
SIGNAL
A patch of contrasting colour at the tip of the beard.
SPOONS
The end of a beard is uplifted, rounded and enlarged.
SPOT
A different coloured area on the falls; may cover most of the fall.
STANDARDS
Upper three petals of the flower; designated S.
STYLEARM
The three small upright structures in the middle of the flower.
SUBSTANCE
The strength, endurance & weather resistance of the petals.
TEXTURE
The surface of the petals; shimmering, velvety, diamond dusted, satiny etc.
VARIEGATA
Colours mixed together in a random way, stripes or splotches.
VEINS
Lines that are a contrasting colour or darker colour than the petal.